SWEAT Response to National Lockdown


Sex Workers call on the President to include them in plan to aid workers during the lockdown

25 March 2020

On Monday, 23 March 2020, President Cyril Ramaphosa decided to enforce a nationwide lockdown for 21 days with effect from midnight on Thursday, 26 March. The President in his speech said that “this is a decisive measure to save millions of South Africans from infection and save the lives of hundreds of thousands of people”.

South Africans are encouraged to stay at home during this period to combat the spread of the Corona virus – workers across the country were told to take leave from work for the next 21 days and all non-essential businesses to close down. However, this drastic decision comes with many uncertainties for unskilled workers in the country, including sex workers.

The President in his speech on Monday has vowed to “prioritise the lives and livelihoods of our people above all else, and will use all of the measures that are within our power to protect them from the economic consequences of this pandemic”. The Sex Workers Education and Advocacy Taskforce (SWEAT) and Sisonke, the National Movement of Sex Workers, have noted with concern how sex workers are missing from the general conversations about support for workers throughout the pandemic and lockdown. We are not sure who exactly will be prioritised in the plans laid out by the President as he says “we are going to support people whose livelihoods will be affected”.

Sex workers among other vulnerable workers remain the most marginalised of all workers, whose work is not recognised as work in South Africa. Since the outbreak of the corona virus, sex workers have been the first group of workers to be affected financially by the spread of the virus. According to a study we conducted in 2013, South Africa has about 158 000 sex workers – majority being female sex workers who support up to seven dependants with the income they make through sex work.  

The loss of income due to the coronavirus outbreak has meant loss of shelter, inability to access food, healthcare, medications and other basic necessities for sex workers and their dependents.

The President has said that, there is a “proposal for a special dispensation for companies that are in distress because of COVID-19. Through this proposal employee will receive wage payment through the Temporary Employee Relief Scheme, which will enable companies to pay employees directly during this period and avoid retrenchment”.  

However, we are questioning the inclusivity of the proposal. Will it include sex workers? Sex work is currently criminalised in South Africa and sex workers are considered criminals – not workers. And as the hardest hit group of workers by the global pandemic, they will most likely not qualify for the ‘Temporary Employee Relief Scheme’.

Sex workers working in brothels, street corners or strip clubs are unable to register themselves for Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF) due to criminalisation, stigma and discrimination – in emergency situations such as these – they cannot claim for any financial aid from the government during times when they cannot work. Since the outbreak, sex workers have recorded a drastic decrease of their clientele which has put many of them in dire financial strains that further pushes them to the margins and exposes them to risky sexual behaviour and violence.

We would like to remind the President that during this adversity that we find ourselves in – it is important to listen to the vulnerable and respect the wishes of sex workers in South Africa and heed their call for the DECRIMINALISATION OF SEX WORK. Criminalisation of sex work excludes sex workers from accessing basic human rights including labour rights. 

We call on the President to make urgent provision to the ‘Temporary Employee Relief Scheme’ to include sex workers, because SEX WORK IS WORK and they too need help as their livelihood has been disrupted.

We also call on the President to take urgent steps and mandate the Department of Justice and Correctional Services to fast track sex work law reform process and decriminalise sex work in order to address the evident exclusion of sex workers in accessing labour rights in times of need.

Sex workers who find themselves in difficulties during this time, can call SWEAT on our 24-hour helpline: 0800 606060 or send a ‘please call me’ on 071 357 7632.

SWEAT & Sisonke will also be starting a Go-Fund-Me page to assist sex workers during the coronavirus pandemic.

For comments, please contact:

Lesego Tlhwale

Advocacy Manager, SWEAT


Megan Lessing

Media Officer, SWEAT


067 783 1383

Lunga Luthuli

Communications Officer, Sisonke